Generally speaking and referring to recreational fishing, a lure is an object attached to the end of the fishing line and conceived to look like a fish prey. Using lures, anglers intend to catch the fishes’ attention simulating movements, vibrations, and colors of live prays, in order to make fishes bite the hook.
Lures can be equipped with one or more single, double, or treble hooks and be made out of plastic, rubber, wood, metal, cork and other materials like animal airs, strings, tinsels, feathers and more. They can have mobile and no mobile parts and retrieved fast or slow. They can be used “solo” or in combination with another lure.
Using artificial lures can resolve an anglers’ very common problem: live baits, especially when fishing in open Ocean.
A lure can be either tied with a knot or connected with a tiny safety-pin device called “snap” at the end of the fishing line. The motion of the lure is made by winding line back on to the reel, or by jigging movements with rod, or sweeping the rod or being pulled behind a moving boat (aka “trolling”). Artificial flies called simply “flies”, which represent some form of insect fish food, are an exception, cause they can float on or under the surface of the water or slowly sink, using some weights to do this.
There is a particular lure’s technique, named “daisy chain”. It consists in a chain of plastic lures without hooks and it is used to attract as many fishes as possible to the lures with hooks. Usually we speak about a line made by a clear monofilament line with crimped on droppers that connect the lure to the main line. The last lure can be either hooked or not. The unrigged ones are used as teasers. The hooked versions are connected to a rod with a reel. Typically the daisy chain’s lures are made from cedar plugs, jets, plastic squid and other soft/hard plastic lures.
In order to know what kind of lure is the best for different fishes’ species it is very important to study what environment they live in and how they behave. Even if we have to add that often anglers use self-made lures, here’s a list of most common ones:
- jig: it has weighted metal heads and a tail made of soft plastic, animal hair, rubber or feathers. A minnow or a piece of pork rind can be added to the hook. It can be used to catch practically every kind of freshwater and many saltwater fish;
- spoon: it is a metal lure, designed to look similar to a swimming baitfish and usually it’s intended to be cast. Others can to be trolled behind a moving boat;
- plastic bait: it is a soft-plastic worm, minnow, and crayfish. It is available in many sizes and colors and can be used with or without a weight. Sometimes it is used in junction with a jig head, spinner or spinnerbait. Some plastic baits can even have scents attractive to fish built into them;
- plug: it has a plastic made or wood made body and is designed to be used on top of the water or at depths under the surface. Topwater (aka floating plugs) is conceived to float on the surface. Diving plug has plastic or metal lips to dive to a certain depth and is often called “crankbaits”, cause they are used with baitcasting reels operating like a crank;
- spinner: it has one or more blades that spin, or revolve, around a straight wire shaft. Some spinners have tails made of soft plastic or animal hair;
- spinnerbait: it has one or more blades that spin around a “safety pin”-type shaft. Most spinnerbaits have skirts made from vinyl, animal hair, rubber and other materials;
- poppers and flies: for this kind of lures please refer to the appropriate section.