The history of fishing is very very old and begins when people of ancient times start fishing for feeding. At that time they used pieces of bones as hooks and wire vine as lines.
The first representation of a man with a fishing rod dates from about 2000 BC, in Egypt.
In the Ancient Greece, the philosophers Plato and Aristotle referred about angling in their writings, and the same made the historian Plutarch, giving tips about fishing lines.
Through the centuries the methods and tackles used for fishing evolved very slowly.

 

The first english book about fishing dates 1496 and its title was “A Treatyse of Fysshynge wyth an Angle”. In this book, the author, Dame Julian Berners, describes the construction of hooks and rods for angling and how to tie knots in fishing lines. A consistent part is dedicated to how to make and use artificial lures and flies.
Almost 150 years after, in 1653, english angler Izaal Walton published “The Compleat Angler”, considered the most important sportfishing book ever. Walton sets the basis and the philosophy of recreational anglers: catching fish by sport is far superior to other methods of fishing.
In the 20th century women took up the sport in increasing numbers and now they represent an important part of this sport.

Nowadays the art (and the sport) of fishing can be divided in 3 parts, depending on the environment where the activity is practiced: saltwater, freshwater and icewater fishing. Accordingly anglers use different techniques, tackles, rods, reels,lines, hooks, lures, baits and flies.
There is also the sport fishing technique par excellence, known as “fly fishing”, elaborated in Great Britain and now diffused all over the world. Fly fishing is a method born for catching trout and salmon, but employed today for a wide variety of species including pike, bass, grayling and carp. This technique is named “fly” cause the anglers use an artificial fly to fishing. You can find further information in the dedicated site’s page.